Tuesday, 26 May 2015

New Books - June 2015


See all of the SpringerLink eBooks published since Jan. 2015 that the Library has gained access to
Or, go directly to SpringerLink's website to access all of the online content that is available through U of T

The following are some highlighted e-books from other vendors. To get more e-books holding information at UofT Libraries, please check here.

Mineral trioxide aggregate : properties and clinical applications / edited by Dr. M. Torabinejad
John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2014

"Dr. Torabinejad, who was the principle investigator of the dental applications of MTA [mineral trioxide aggregate], and leading authorities on this subject provide a clinically focused reference detailing the properties and uses of MTA, including vital pulp therapy (pulp capping, pulpotomy), apexification, pulp regeneration, repair of root perforations, root end filling and root canal filling. Line illustrations and clinical photographs show proper technique [... This] is an ideal book for dental students and endodontic residents learning procedures for the first time as well as practicing dentists and endodontists who would like to improve outcomes of endodontic treatments." Taken from About This Book

The use of dental crowns for vital and endodontically treated teeth : a review of the clinical and cost-effectiveness and guidelines /
Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health, 2013

"In the perspective of publicly funded health insurance plans, it is important to base the coverage of dental crowns for vital and non-vital teeth on the best available evidence. It is of particular interest for these plans to define evidence-based criteria for the coverage of crowns for vital teeth, and for the coverage of using posts/cores and crowns on endodontically treated teeth. In Canada, such evaluation is complicated by the fact that publicly funded health insurance plans do not have control over the care provider's choice of the crown type, and by the fact that there can be one fee code designated for all types of porcelain crowns, such as within the Ontario Ministry of Community and Social Services. The objective of this review is to evaluate the clinical and cost-effectiveness of dental crows for vital teeth and the use of post-core-crown restorations for endodontically treated teeth." Taken from Context and Policy Issues, p. 1

The ADA practical guide to soft tissue oral disease / by M.A. Kahn and J.M. Hall
John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2014

"This textbook is intended to be a practical guide and reference source for the basic clinical aspects of soft tissue oral and maxillofacial disease. It is not intended to be an all-encompassing tone of oral pathology but rather to include those aspects of this dental specialty that are its most important foundational information and the most frequently encountered orofacial soft tissue diseases. The book is intended for health-care practitioners whose occupation involves encountering a variety of conditions and diseases of the oral cavity and its contiguous anatomic structures; it is not intended to be a reference source for oral medicine (i.e., details of the medical aspects of a particular disease within the oral cavity)." Taken from Preface, x

Print Books

DAT 2015 strategies, practice & review / by Kaplan Inc.
Kaplan, Inc., 2014
Course Reserves RK76 .D38 2014

"Kaplan's DAT 2015 Strategies, Practice & Review combines Kaplan's expertise and score-raising tactics with the test-like practice you need to score higher, get the results you want, and jump-start your dentistry career." Taken from back cover

  • "2 realistic practice tests online
  • 600+ additional practice questions with explanations
  • Comprehensive review for every section
  • Updated for the most current version of the exam" Taken from front cover

Chirurgie dentaire et nazisme / by X. Riaud
Harmattan, 2015
Stacks RK34 .G3 R53 2015Y

"Hygiène de la race, militarisation des dentistes au sein de la Marine, de la Wehrmacht, de la Luftwaffe, de la SS, genèse de la récupération de l'or dentaire dans les camps dans le cadre de la solution finale d'extermination de la population juive et de son exploitation sur le plan international, chirurgie maxillo-faciale allemande, relations des dentistes nazis avec la confraternité internationale, rôles, fromations universitaires et obligations légales des dentistes dans le cadre de l'opération T4 d'euthanasie des aliénés mentaux et handicapés physiques, expérimentations médico-dentaires dans les camps de concentration, dentistes héros de guerre au service d'un régime totalitaire, identifications médico-légales des dignitaires, nazis comme Hitler, Braun, Mengele ou encore Bormann, procés d'après-guerre et inculpation des principaux responsables SS, aucun sujet n'est occulté." Taken from back cover

Biomaterials and medical device-associated infections / edited by L. Barnes and I.R. Cooper
Woodhead Publishing, 2015
Stacks R857 .M3 B56 2015

"Despite advances in materials and manufacturing standards, patients who receive biomaterials or medical device implants are still at risk of developing an infection related to the implantation site. This book reviews the fundamentals of biomaterials and medical device related infections alongside methods and materials for the treatment and prevention of infection." Taken from back cover

The dentist's quick guide to medical conditions / by M.A. Weinberg, S.L. Segelnick, and J.S. Insler
Wiley Blackwell, 2015
Stacks RK61 .D46 2015Y

"With increasing numbers of dental patients being elderly or having medical conditions, it is important for the dentist to understand how these conditions may impact dental treatment. The Dentist's Quick Guide to Medical Conditions presents the relevant information dentists need--symptoms, diagnostic tests, medications prescribed, and dental management--for each disease and condition. Chapters will focus on each major bodily system, including respiratory, cardiovascular, hematologic, endocrine, gastrointestinal, immune, nervous, reproductive, and urinary, as well as on the liver, kidneys, skin, and psychological conditions. Appendices list guidelines for antibiotic prophylaxis, additional conditions requiring antibiotics, and a quick list of diagnostic tests." Taken from back cover

Dental materials : clinical applications for dental assistants and dental hygienists, 3rd edition / by C. Dixon Hatrick and W.S. Eakle
Elsevier, 2016
RK652.5 .H38 2016X

"With [this book], learn the most current methods of placing--or assisting in the placement of--dental materials, and how to instruct patients in their maintenance. Easy-to-follow, step-by-step procedures show how to mix, use, and apply dental materials within the context of the patient's course of treatment. The multidisciplinary author team enhances this edition with new chapters on preventive and desensitizing materials, tooth whitening, and preventive and corrective oral appliances and new clinical photos throughout." Taken from back cover

Illustrated dental embryology, histology, and anatomy / by M.J. Fehrenbach and T. Popowics
Elsevier, 2016
RK280 .B27 2016Y

"Featuring a full-color review of dental structures, this richly illustrated text provides a complete look at the development, cellular makeup, and morphology of the teeth and associated structures. A clear, reader-friendly writing style covers both basic science and clinical applications, putting the material into the context of everyday dental practice for easier comprehension. New to the 4th Edition are updates on caries risk, safe levels of fluoride use, and prevention of periodontal disease. Expert authors Margaret Fehrenbach and Tracy Popowics provide an essential background in oral biology for dental hygiene and dental assisting students, including excellent preparation for board exams." Taken from back cover

SpringerLink eBooks - January 2015 to Present

"This book is designed to meet the needs of all orthodontists interested in treating children, adolescents, and/or adults with brackets placed on the palatal and lingual surfaces of the teeth. It explains how to achieve excellent results, comparable to those obtained with labial brackets, by means of techniques performed entirely within the dental office and avoiding use of expensive outside laboratories. The book is divided into three parts. The first is devoted to biomechanics, considering each type of malocclusion and describing how to prepare the arches optimally. This is not a theoretical section; rather it covers aspects acknowledged to be of prime practical importance by students and doctors. The second part explains how to treat the most common malocclusions, with step-by-step descriptions of techniques used in everyday clinical practice. The concluding part of the book describes finishing procedures to enhance aesthetics and discusses long-term results."

Advances in salivary diagnostics / edited by C.F. Streckfus

"This book reviews the progress made in salivary diagnostics during the past two decades and identifies the likely direction of future endeavors. After an introductory section describing the histological and anatomical features of the salivary glands and salivary function, salivary collection devices and diagnostic platforms are reviewed. The field of "salivaomics" is then considered in detail, covering, for example, proteomics, the peptidome, DNA and RNA analysis, biomarkers, and methods for biomarker discovery. Salivary diagnostics for oral and systemic diseases are thoroughly discussed, and the role of salivary gland tissue engineering for future diagnostics is explored. The book closes by considering legal issues and barriers to salivary diagnostic development. Advances in Salivary Diagnostics will be an informative and stimulating reference for both practitioners and students."

Alveolar distraction osteogenesis : ArchWise appliance and technique / by N. Erverdi and M. Motro

"This book describes a new method of alveolar distraction osteogenesis that offers important advantages and can be used for the treatment of various orthopedic abnormalities and congenital malformations. Detailed guidance is provided on selection of patients suitable for alveolar distraction, including those with cleft lip and palate, skeletal class II malocclusions and cystic lesions involving the alveolus. All aspects of treatment using the ArchWise distraction appliance are then covered, including technical preparation, surgical set-up and osteotomies, docking site surgery, orthodontic finishing, implant placement and prosthetic restorations. Relevant information is also included on the principles of distraction osteogenesis and bone histology and quality after the procedure. The book concludes with helpful case presentations covering different scenarios in which ArchWise distraction of alveolar bone is appropriate."

Cementation in dental implantology : an evidence-based guide / edited by C.P.K. Wadhwani

"Treatment by means of dental implants has become increasingly common, but it is now recognized that cementation during the restorative phase can be the source of significant problems. This book examines in detail the issues associated with cementation in dental implantology, with a particular focus on residual excess cement and its consequences. It provides reliable guidance on cement selection and use on the basis of the latest scientific research. Among the topics addressed are microbial aspects of cement selection, new abutment designs, aesthetic considerations, margin placement and the role of radiography. The relation of peri-implant disease to residual excess cement is explored in depth and alternatives to the cementation process are also considered. All of the chapters have been written by leading experts in restorative and surgical dental implantology. The information supplied is guaranteed to change the way in which the dentist thinks and practices."

A concise guide to endodontic procedures / by P. Murray

"This clinical guide is a concise up-to-date resource that covers a wide range of endodontic procedures, including non-surgical root canal therapy, surgical root canal therapy, trauma care and the management of fractured teeth, apexification, apexogenesis, revascularization, regeneration, Cvek partial pulpotomy, root canal treatment, and periapical surgery. The provision of numerous flowcharts, checklists, and advice on error avoidance for each procedure will assist in decision-making in daily practice. Scientific and clinical evidence regarding the use and efficacy of the different forms of treatment is summarized, and helpful information is also presented on instrumentation. The inclusion of exam questions will assist those preparing for endodontic examinations."

Craniofacial and dental developmental defects : diagnosis and management / edited by J.T. Wright

"This book provides the practitioner with a framework for establishing a diagnosis and developing a suitable treatment plan in patients presenting with a range of developmental defects of the teeth. The conditions covered include failure of tooth eruption, hypodontia, premature tooth exfoliation, defects of enamel development, and defects of dentin development, with full consideration of both syndromic and non-syndromic defects. In each case the phenotype and genotype are fist described, followed by diagnostic information, including the availability of genetic testing, and treatment options. Summarizing tables are used to highlight the key to diagnostic features, and helpful illustrated case presentations are included. Cleft palate is also addressed, with details on etiology, phenotypes, treatment timing and approaches, and dental management. The closing chapter provides stimulating reflections on potential future directions in the diagnosis and treatment of these disorders."

Dentine hypersensitivity : advances in diagnosis, management and treatment / edited by D.G. Gillam

"This book provides wide-ranging information on the progress achieved in the diagnosis, treatment and management of dentine hypersensitivity during the past few years. Recent advances in research, including innovations in the development of desensitizing agents, are fully described and detailed attention is paid to novel clinical approaches and potential future strategies in product development. Introductory chapters cover important aspects of physiology, prevalence and aetiology and advances in diagnosis and in vitro testing techniques for dentine hypersensitivity are discussed. Dentine hypersensitivity is a troublesome clinical condition that continues to perplex the clinician despite the vast array of available treatments that have been formulated to resolve the problem. There continues to be under-reporting of the condition by clinicians and uncertainty over aetiology, diagnosis and effective management. This book will hopefully contribute in combating these deficiencies and assist the clinician in delivering optimal patient care."

Dry mouth : a clinical guide on causes, effects and treatments / edited by G. Carpenter

"This wide-ranging guide to dry mouth, or xerostomia, is intended to meet the needs of dentists by providing information on all clinically relevant aspects. After introductory discussion of salivary secretion and function, the potential causes of dry mouth, including diseases affecting saliva production, drugs and irradiation, are examined. Symptoms and signs such as altered taste, bacterial changes and infection are discussed and impacts on quality of life, described. Diagnostic issues are fully explored, covering the use of clinical scoring scales, difficulties in assessment, detection of early signs and the role of salivary biomarkers. The full range of treatment options and preventive measures is then described, including the use of intensity-modulated radiotherapy to spare salivary function, the value of artificial salivas and the beneficial effects of regular chewing. The book closes by considering the full treatment avenues and the potential for salivary gland regeneration." 

Endodontic diagnosis, pathology, and treatment planning : mastering clinical practice / by B. Patel

"This book is intended as a practical guide to endodontic diagnosis, pathology, and treatment planning. The coverage is comprehensive and encompasses such topics as disease classification, the endodontic armamentarium, anatomy, the role of different radiographic techniques, treatment decision making, preoperative management, the use of antibiotics and analgesics, and anesthesia. Numerous high-quality illustrations and clinical photographs are included to highlight key concepts and findings, and best practice is documented by means of clinical case examples. The provision of concise tips and recommendations ensures that the reader will quickly be able to find solutions to diverse endodontic challenges. In addition, the most relevant literature is reviewed in order to support and reinforce the discussed clinical concepts. The book will assist dental practitioners and endodontic trainees/specialists in planning the management of any endodontic case from first principles."

Evidence-based periodontal and peri-implant plastic surgery : a clinical roadmap from function to aesthetics / edited by L. Chambrone

"This atlas, featuring numerous superb illustrations and vivid photographs, aims to create a bridge between research and practice in the field of periodontal plastic surgery and cosmetic dentistry with a view to enabling optimal decision making in daily practice. After an opening overview of evidence-based decision making and discussion of treatment planning, subsequent chapters address the surgical treatment of recession-type defects, use of soft tissue substitutes, aesthetic clinical crown lengthening and peri-implant plastic surgery. Illustrated case studies depict application of the described surgical procedures in daily practice and advice is provided on clinical indications and contraindications and basics of the surgical sequence. In addition, critical summaries of the results of systematic reviews are provided. Further chapters consider aspects of multidisciplinary decision-making and present decision trees for soft tissue augmentation procedures proposed by the American Academy of Periodontology. The atlas will be a valuable clinical guide for general dentists and specialists in periodontology/periodontics and implantology."

Implant surfaces and their biological and clinical impact / edited by A. Wennerberg, T. Albrektsson, and R. Jimbo

"This book provides the reader with the knowledge required in order to understand the chemical, physical, mechanical, and topographical aspects of implant surfaces, as well as their impact on the biological response. Common ways to modify implant surfaces are described, and methods for the evaluation of surface properties are presented in an easy-to-read style. Experimental results that have contributed to surface modifications relevent for commercial available implants are presented, with emphasis on in vivo and clinical studies. While the focus is primarily on surface modifications at the micrometer and nanometer levels, alterations at the millimeter level are also covered, including thread designs and their possible influence on stress distribution. In addition, it is analyzed how surface alterations have changed the clinical long-term results for certain groups of patients."

Interface oral health science 2014 : innovative research on Biosis-Abiosis Intelligent Interface / edited by K. Sasaki, O. Suzuki and N. Takahashi

"The Tohoku University Graduate School of Dentistry first introduced the concept of"Interface Oral Health Science", designed to establish and maintain healthy oral cavities, which are home to a number of mixed systems. Included in those systems are: (1) host tissues such as teeth, mucosa, muscle and bone, (2) parasites and microorganisms cohabiting the surfaces of the oral cavity and (3) biomaterials that are used for the rehabilitation of oral functions. In addition, (4) these systems are subject to severe and complex mechanical forces. Therefore, it is critical to promote dental studies that integrate a wide range of interdisciplinary research as medicine, agriculture, material science, engineering and pharmacology. With this incentive, international symposiums for interface oral health science have been held several times in the past. The concept has since refined and expanded, the results being the "Biosis-Abiosis Intelligent Interface," and projects aiming at the creation of highly functional and autonomic intelligent interfaces are ongoing. This book brings together a number of studies on incentives and projects by leading authors. Topics include biosis-abiosis interface of dental implants, biomaterials in interface science, biomedical engineering interface and cell manipulation and tissue regeneration. Readers not only from the field of dentistry but also many related areas will find this book a valuable resource."

Management and leadership - a guide for clinical professionals / edited by S. Patole

"This book will provide anyone with an interest in the clinic with a basic guide on those things that are not taught during medical school or any other pre-clinical trainings. The line-up of authors was carefully assembled to include experts in all respective fields to give this volume the authority it requires to be a relevant text for many [...] The topics covered in this book range from preparing for an interview, the art of negotiation and handling difficult behaviour, to clinical leadership, evidence based management, and managing grief and its consequences at the workplace." 

Medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaws : bisphosphonates, denosumab and new agents / edited by S. Otto

"Osteonecrosis of the jaws is a well-known side-effect of antiresorptive therapy that predominantly occurs in patients suffering from malignant diseases and receiving intravenous administrations of nitrogen-containing bisphosphonates or subcutaneous administrations of denosumab, a monoclonal antibody. Less frequently it may also be observed in patients with osteoporosis who are being treated with these antiresorptive drugs.
"This textbook provides detailed, up-to-date information on all aspects of medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaws, including clinical features, pathogenesis, treatment options, and preventive measures. It also explains safe prevention and treatment strategies for patients receiving antiresorptive drugs who require extractions, implant insertions, and other dento-alveolar surgeries. This book will be of major interest for medical and dental students, dentists, and oral and maxillofacial surgeons as well as osteologists and oncologists."

Nanotechnology in endodontics : current and potential clinical applications / edited by A. Kishen

"This book provides detailed information on the emerging applications of nanomaterials and nanoparticles within endodontics, highlighting the exciting potential clinical impact of nanotechnology in the field. The range of applications covered is diverse, encompassing drug and gene delivery, tissue engineering, antibacterial strategies, dentin tissue stabilization, dentin pulp regeneration and use in restorative and endodontic materials. Important scientific background information relating to each application is provided, with clear coverage of basic principles. In addition, potential pitfalls are identified and explained. The cytotoxicity of nanomaterials and nanoparticles is also addressed in a separate chapter. The book will be of value both for endodontic practitioners and for all scientists and graduate students who are interested in the application of nanotechnology in endodontics."

"Oral cancer is frequently diagnosed late, when the disease has advanced with lesions that are large and deeply invasive and with metastasis to regional lymph nodes, leading to increased mortality. Moreover, late diagnosis and treatment often result in considerable morbidity of oral and maxillofacial structures and poor appearance and function following therapy. This book provides head and neck oncologists, oral oncologists, oral and maxillofacial surgeons, medical oncologists, dentists and other members of dental teams furnishing supportive care with a systematic review of recent diagnostic and therapeutic advances in oral cancer. The various authoritative chapters are prepared by specialists who are active leaders in each basic and clinical field. All chapters address individual and collective issues that arise in managing oral cancer patients with difficult treatment problems and provide insight into the multiple valid management approaches available. The authors offer an extensive source of information about oral cancers and encourage the clinician to be flexible and innovative, giving physicians and medical personnel the background information to make the best, educated, responsible decisions for individual patients."

Planning and care for children and adolescents with dental enamel defects : etiology, research and contemporary management / edited by B.K. Drummond, N. Kilpatrick

"Defective development of tooth enamel or dentin is a significant dental problem for children and adolescents in various respects, and dentists and other oral health workers find managing these problems challenging and stressful. While a considerable amount of relevant research is currently being undertaken, much further investigation is needed. This book discusses the known causes of defective dental enamel and explains why it is so difficult to restore. Most importantly, it presents the signs and symptoms that allow accurate diagnosis and documents the best contemporary management. The full range of enamel defects is considered, including defects in primary teeth and permanent teeth, associated syndromes, molar incisor hypomineralization, and genetic defects. The clinical chapters are well illustrated, providing clear guidelines for each procedure. In addition, avenues for future research are identified, with explanation of their rationale."

A practical clinical guide to resin cements / by M. Sunico-Segarra and A. Segarra

"This book discusses and describes in detail the available resin cements, which are now a staple of dental practice. Factors that affect the clinical performance of resin cements are thoroughly examined and the different resin cements currently on the market are discussed in depth, with information on indications, limitations, handling and manipulation and storage. Decision trees and concept maps are provided to aid the clinician in choosing the right cement for particular clinical situations. The final part of the book is devoted to actual clinical procedures and provides step-by-step guidance on the cementation of inlays/onlays, veneers and crowns and bridges made of different materials. Frequently asked questions are also highlighted, with straight to the point answers. A Practical Clinical Guide to Resin Cements will serve as an invaluable reference that is ideal for consultation by clinicians prior to an important cementation procedure." 

"Placement of endosseous implants in the posterior maxilla is often difficult because of a lack of supporting bone. Sinus augmentation procedures have therefore been extensively used for the treatment of the edentulous atrophic posterior maxilla prior to implant placement. This book describes in detail the most widely used sinus grafting techniques as well as some innovative variations, with full coverage of both lateral and crestal approaches. A key aim is to assist the practitioner in selecting the appropriate sinus grafting technique based on the evaluation of a number of parameters that are described in detail and codified in a simple and practical way. Up-to-date information is also provided on grafting materials and on potential complications of sinus augmentation procedures and their treatment."

Teledentistry / edited by S. Kumar

"Teledentistry is of growing interest to the healthcare world. Over the last few years, momentum is growing in research and service in Teledentistry - mostly carried out by tertiary medical institutes across the world. While Teledentistry is advanced in some sub-specialties, it has high potential to receive more attention from general communities, dentists, dental hygienists, physicians, nurses, researchers and students. For the first time, this book will present essential knowledge from experts in this field. They will discuss the current status of technology and service in various Telledentistry sub specialties and its future implications. Written by experts from around the globe, (i.e., from USA, Europe, Australia and Asia), this book presents technical issues and clinical applications. It includes collective experiences from dental service providers in different parts of the world practicing a wide range of Teledentistry applications. This book lays the foundations for the globalization of Teledentistry procedures, making it possible for dental service to be delivered anywhere in the world."

Vertical root fractures in dentistry / edited by A. Tamse, I. Tsesis, and E. Rosen

"In this book, leading experts provide a comprehensive overview of vertical root fractures (VRFs) in endodontically treated teeth, which may be associated with potentially severe damage to the supporting bone. A helpful categorization of the various tooth and root fractures is presented and etiological factors are identified, with discussion of anatomical and biomechanical aspects and the dynamics of root fracture. The clinical and radiographic features of VRFs are described and illustrated in detail in order to help the clinician to achieve accurate diagnosis in a timely manner. Management of the tooth and the socket after extraction is fully explained, and novel treatment alternatives for the preservation of VRF teeth are proposed. The book concludes by considering medicolegal aspects. Both endodontists and general dentists will benefit greatly from the guidance offered on the common and clinically challenging phenomenon of VRFs."

Note that you will not find the following titles in the U of T library catalogue (but we are working on remedying this!):

Dental erosion and its clinical management / edited by B.T. Amaechi

"This handbook distils the most up-to-date theory and practical information on dental erosion and dentin hypersensitivity into an accessible and practical clinical guide for general dental practitioners, dental students, dental educators, and other health professionals. Topics are covered in a step-by-step, easy-to-understand manner, with tables, checklists, images, flowcharts, and bullet point-like presentation of core messages that is ideal for busy dental practitioners and students. Besides providing evidence-based guidance on treatment and prevention strategies, the book examines thoroughly the dental erosion process itself and the intrinsic and extrinsic causes. Chapters are also included on the etiology, prevalence, and management of dentin hypersensitivity, the restoration of worn dentin, and non-carious cervical lesions. The authors are renowned, clinically active international experts in different aspects of dental erosion and its management."

Endodontic irrigation : chemical disinfection of the root canal system / edited by B. Basrani

"This book reviews the available information on bacterial disinfection in endodontics, with emphasis on the chemical treatment of root canals based on current understanding of the process of irrigation. It describes recent advances in knowledge of the chemistry associated with irrigants and delivery systems, which is of vital importance given that chemical intervention is now considered one of the most important measures in eliminating planktonic microbes and biofilms from the infected tooth. Recommendations are made regarding concentrations, exposure times and optimal sequences. Possible complications related to the use of the different solutions are highlighted, with guidance on response. In addition, clinical protocols are suggested on the basis of both clinical experience and the results of past and ongoing research. Throughout, a practical, clinically oriented approach is adopted that will assist the practitioner in ensuring successful endodontic treatment."

Handbook of bioceramics and biocomposites / edited by I.V. Antoniac 

"This handbook describes several current trends in the development of bioceramics and biocomposites for clinical use in the repair, remodelling, and regeneration of bone tissue. Comprehensive coverage of these materials allows fundamental aspects of the science and engineering to be seen in close relation to the clinical performance of dental and orthopaedic implants. Bioceramics and biocomposites appear to be the most dynamic area of materials development for both tissue engineering and implantable medical devices. Almost all medical specialties will continue to benefit from these developments, but especially dentistry and orthopaedics. In this Handbook, leading researchers describe the use of bionanomaterials to create new functionalities when interfaced with biological molecules or structures. Also described are technologies for bioceramics and biocomposites processing in order to fabricate medical devices for clinical use. Another important section of the book is dedicated to tissue regeneration with development of new matrices. A targeted or personalized treatment device reduces drug consumption and treatment expenses, resulting in benefits to the patient and cost reductions for public health systems.
"This authoritative reference on the state-of-the-art in the development and use of bioceramics and biocomposites can also serve as the basis of instructional course lectures for audiences ranging from advanced undergraduate students to post-graduates in materials science and engineering and biomedical engineering."

Iatrogenic effects of orthodontic treatment : decision-making in prevention, diagnosis, and treatment / by R. Justus

"This book is a well-illustrated guide to the iatrogenic effects of orthodontic treatment that provides practical information on orthodontic diagnosis, treatment planning, and post-treatment retention and highlights preventive measures to avoid complaints and lawsuits. It is divided into three parts, on white spot lesions, periodontal deterioration, and external apical root resorption (EARR). The reader will learn a wide variety of invaluable skills and strategies, such as how to minimize the risk of enamel decalcifications as a result of orthodontic treatment; how to deproteinize the enamel surface and bond brackets with hybrid glass ionomer cement; how to avoid lower incisor proclination and still achieve ideal long-term alignment; and how to apply strategies to minimize orthodontically induced EARR. Iatrogenic Effects of Orthodontic Treatment will be an excellent aid for both orthodontists and pediatric dentists."

Lasers in restorative dentistry : a practical guide / edited by G. Olivi and M. Olivi

"This book presents the state of the art in the use of laser in restorative dentistry. After discussion of relevant background, basic physics and laser types, the full range of clinical applications is covered with the aid of more than 600 clinical photographs, charts, and tables. In addition to conventional indications, newer operative procedures that reliably yield favorable outcomes are carefully described step by step. The authors’ own research findings and clinical cases are included in the book, which also provides a complete, up-to-date review of the international literature on laser adhesive dentistry."

This book "will be a valuable guide for general dentists who use the laser in their daily practice and are seeking advice on how to improve the quality of their work. If you are a new, experienced, or even advanced laser user, this book will be an exceptionally useful resource. Enjoy delving into the wonderful world of laser dentistry!"

"This book on oral candidosis is for dentists and related professionals who require a straightforward update on the important new advances relating to physiopathology, virulence and treatment. Essential concepts and advanced discoveries are presented in user-friendly language with the aim of providing a trustworthy reference guide that can be rapidly consulted whenever necessary. The rich and colorful photos have been carefully chosen to illustrate each theme and provide the reader with helpful visual support; informative diagrams, tables and charts are also included. The authors – dentists, physicians and pharmacists – have been selected on the basis of their expertise and scientific reputation. All of these “candidologists” have invested great effort in generating a unique and remarkable work that successfully translates scientific jargon into clinically relevant language."

Oral sedation for dental procedures in children / edited by S. Wilson

"This is the first book devoted to the oral sedation of children in the dental office in order to facilitate their dental care. Written by well-respected and recognized leaders, educators, clinicians and researchers in the field of sedation, it reflects the latest evidenced-based practice and clinical expertise, provides guidance and offers an abundance of consistent and helpful tips. The book is structured to cover the various key elements that must be considered when attempting to provide safe sedation for children undergoing dental procedures. Topics addressed include, among others, patient assessment, drug selection, protocol steps, emergency management, and the most up-to-date guidelines. The contents of each chapter are focused to match the specific concerns associated with the pediatric patient."

Reconstructive oral and maxillofacial surgery / edited by C. Navarro Vila

"This book describes the reconstructive procedures currently used by the authors for the treatment of oral and maxillofacial defects, based on twenty-five years of experience at a major European University Hospital. The coverage encompasses mandibular, maxillary, orbitocranial, intraoral soft tissue and cutaneous defect reconstruction. Controversies in defect reconstruction are discussed, and clear guidance is given on the optimal choice of reconstructive technique according to the location and size of the defect. Full descriptions are provided of both aesthetic and functional procedures, with use of implants and dental prostheses. The resultant functional and aesthetic reconstruction will enable the patient quickly to resume a normal social, family and professional life. All of the chapters include representative images depicting each stage of treatment, from preoperative study, through intraoperative and postoperative appearances, to ultimate outcome upon rehabilitation."

TMD and Orthodontics : a clinical guide for the orthodontist / edited by S. Kandasamy, C.S. Greene, D.J. Rinchuse and J.W. Stockstill

"This evidence-based book, featuring contributions from world-renowned experts, discusses in detail the functional anatomy of the temporomandibular joint as well as the aetiology, diagnosis, treatment and medicolegal implications of patients with temporomandibular disorders (TMD).Despite advances in our understanding of the aetiology of TMD and in developing current treatment rationales, a number of issues remain controversial. These include the extent to which the temporomandibular joint should be a central focus of orthodontic diagnosis and treatment, as well as the role that occlusion and malocclusion play in precipitating TMD symptoms. Indeed, few subjects in dentistry and the specialty of orthodontics are open to as many interpretations or misinterpretations as TMD. This textbook provides clinical orthodontists with essential information and guidance that will assist them in understanding and effectively managing this complex multilayered problem. Throughout, clear clinical guidelines are presented on the basis of current scientific and clinical evidence. TMD and Orthodontics will be a highly valuable chairside resource for orthodontists everywhere."

Monday, 25 May 2015

Military Dentistry In Canada - 100th Anniversary

War Memorial at the Faculty of Dentistry
Figure 1: War Memorial at the Faculty of Dentistry, University of Toronto.
May 2015 marks the 100th anniversary of military dentistry in Canada. This is a formal date, as military dentistry had informally started much earlier than 1915. In 1904 dental practitioners were formally appointed in the Militia Army Medical Corps, a division of the Canadian Forces. Dental surgeons were given the rank of lieutenant and after 5 years of service they were promoted to captain. Jackson (1) lists the first known dental surgeon appointed by the army as Dr. William Thomas Hackett (Oakville) on September 10, 1904. 

Although dentists were active as part of medical services before 1915, and provided dental care in the South African War (1899-1902), it was not until 1915 that Canadian Army Dental Corps (CADC) was organized. Its members served in the Great War of 1914-19, where "they cared for all dental matters affecting the personnel of the Overseas Military Forces of Canada" (1). The first military dental clinic in Canada was opened in March 1915 at the Canadian National Exhibition grounds in Toronto (2). The first Director was Colonel J. Alex Armstrong, an Ottawa dentist. The list of members grew to over 100 in 1915 to meet the overwhelming demands of the war. The Canadian Government supplied dental instruments and materials, the Canadian Dental Association appointed a committee to collect funds for operating coats, operating gowns, laboratory aprons, towels, wipes, dusters, sponges, special dental surgical instruments, x-ray photographs, equipment for splints, books and many other necessities... (3). Member of the committee included Dr. Albert Webster and Dr. Seccombe (3), both former deans of the school. 

Clinics were established overseas in England, where they performed examinations and treatment of soldiers, including injuries to the nose and chin, facial surgery and restoration (2). 

Dean Albert Webster
Figure 2: Dean A. Webster 
In 1916, more dental officers, dental mechanics and men were requested from Ottawa. Dr. Webster, dean of the Royal College of Dental Surgeons (the former name of the Faculty of Dentistry, UofT), encouraged the entire freshman class to serve as mechanics (1). 

After the war, the services disbanded and the new Canadian Army Dental Services was formed with fewer officers appointed. Many other administrative and organizational changes happened until the start of the Second World War in 1939, when the Royal Canadian Dental Corps (RCDC) was re-established and called out to service. Today the RCDC continues to operate as a personnel branch of the Canadian Armed Forces.

The Canadian Dental Association (CDA) has put together a detailed online display celebrating the Centennial. The Canadian War Museum also has an exhibit entitled Oral History: A Century of Canadian Military Dentistry, running from May 12, 2015 to November 15, 2015.

Impact on Dental Research 

Dr. H. K. Box
Figure 3: Dr. H. K. Box, PhD
To meet the demand for military dentists overseas during WWI, enrollment to the school increased steadily, and by 1919 the RCDS' incoming class was made up of 375 students, making the entire student body 804 (2). The increase in enrollment attracted many talented minds, who were eager to take part in research. One graduate who flourished in the influx of dental research at this time was Dr. Harold Keith Box (graduated in 1914), who is considered the father of dental research in Canada. He contributed many articles on various dental and bacteriology topics, including his specialty periodontology, and he was the first Canadian dentist to receive a Doctor of Philosophy in 1920 (2).

Dean Wallace Seccombe
Figure 4: Dean W. Seccombe
Dental research projects increased, but funding was scarce. The Canadian Oral Prophylactic Association, organized by Dr. A.J. MacDonagh provided some priwa for dental research projects via the CDA (4). In 1916 the CDA created a research committee with representatives from all schools to tackle dental research projects. Later, in 1920, the research committee chaired by former dean Dr. Wallace Seccombe, was able to create a fund to support dental research through the Canadian Dental Research Foundation to obtain financial support of research activities (2, 4).

  1. Jackson, H. M. The Story of the Royal Canadian DentalCorps. 1956.
  2. Gullett, D. W. A History of Dentistry in Canada. [Toronto]: Published for the Canadian Dental Association, by University of Toronto Press, 1971.
  3. Webster, A.E. Army Dental Fund of the Canadian Dental Association. Dominion Dental Journal 27 (6): 235-6.
  4. Canadian Dental Association (2002). A century of service: dental technology and research: Part eight of a series. Accessed from https://www.cda-adc.ca/_files/about/about_cda/history/HSPart8.pdf 

Figure 1: War Memorial set up by the Dental Museum at the Faculty of Dentistry, University of Toronto. Photo Courtesy of Jeff Comber, Senior Photographer, Faculty of Dentistry 

Figure 2: Portrait of Dr. Albert Edward Webster (Dean, 1915-1923). Photo Courtesy of Jeff Comber, Senior Photographer, Faculty of Dentistry
Figure 3: Portrait of Dr. Harold Keith Box. Courtesy of James Fiege, IITS Manager, Faculty of Dentistry.
Figure 4: Portrait of Dr. Wallace Seccombe (Dean, 1923-1936). Photo Courtesy of Jeff Comber, Senior Photographer, Faculty of Dentistry.

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