Monday, 23 September 2013

The secret world of library jargon

Like any profession, librarians and library techs love to use professional jargon. Sometimes we let this jargon slip out when we talk to our library users about our resources. Here we have compiled a list of some of the common library jargon that we sometimes use and explain what it means in normal speak.

Facets or faceted search: No, these are not kitchen water taps but a fandangle way of saying the ‘characteristics’ of an item. We use these characteristics to put items into categories. We might describe the facets of different breeds of dogs such as size (small, medium, large) or coat colour (golden, brown, brindle) just as in the library catalogue we describe the different facets of library items such as location (on line, Dentistry Library, Downsview) or subject (oral radiology, anaesthesia, occlusion). When searching the library catalogue we can use these facets to narrow or filter our search to find items that meet our needs.

Controlled vocabulary (or sometimes called an ontology) : Did your mother ever tell you to watch your Ps and Qs or she would wash your mouth out with soap? That is one type of controlled vocabulary, but different from the one we are talking about in the library.  In libraries, controlled vocabulary is a standardised terminology used to index things such as journal articles in databases. Using controlled vocabulary in databases (where it is available) helps you to increase the accuracy in which you can find articles.  A common controlled vocabulary used in health sciences databases is MeSH or Medical Subject Headings. MeSH is used to index articles in MEDLINE which can be searched using PubMed or Ovid.

Library of Congress call number: The Library of Congress Classification system, sometimes “LC” for short, is a way of describing the subject of a book using an alpha-numeric code. You can use the alpha-numeric code to help you locate which shelf in the library an item is stored.  The start of the call number describes the subject of the book.  The reason that the majority of our books at the Dentistry Library start with RK is because this is the code for ‘dentistry’. Visit the on line library learning center for a description on the anatomy of the Library of Congress call number and how to read a call number and find an item on a shelf.

Dewey Decimal Classification System: Okay so everyone has heard of this famous librarian named Melvil Dewey, but what is the Dewey Decimal thing exactly? Like the Library of Congress Classification System, the Dewey Decimal Classification System is used by libraries to code library items by subject type and make them discoverable by library staff and patrons (i.e. it tells you where the item is on the shelf).  Here at the Dentistry Library, we do not use this system but instead classify our items using the Library of Congress Classification System. 

Boolean operators: Boolean what? Simply put, Boolean is a language that is used for communications between people and computers. Boolean operators are words (AND, OR and NOT) that people can use to tell computers how to find the books or articles they need.  Using Boolean operators can help increase the accuracy or recall of a search. These can be used when you search article databases to find articles on a topic of study. OR can be used to increase your search recall (i.e. you get more articles).  Doing a search for “cats OR dogs” should give you a list of items that use the word cat or dog.  You can use AND to increase the accuracy of your search (i.e. you get fewer articles but they are more closely related to your topic).  Doing a search for “cats AND dogs” should give you a list items that contain both the word cat and dog.  You can also use NOT to increase the accuracy of your search.  Searching “cat NOT dog” will a list of items with the word cat but will remove from that list any items that also mention the word dog.

Interlibrary loan: Interlibrary loan, also often referred by the acronym ILL has nothing to do with being sick or taking ill. It is just a fancy way of saying that you are borrowing a book from a non-University of Toronto Library. You can also get journal articles by interlibrary loan.  As a further point to confuse you, the system used to coordinate interlibrary loans is called RACER.  So if a librarian is telling you to request a book from RACER they are simply telling you to go to this web page to make a request to borrow an item from another library (ILL!). The ILL form on RACER can be confusing, so if you are not sure what you are doing don't make yourself ILL trying to figure it out on your own, just come to Service Desk and the Dentistry Library and we will be happy to help you out!

eJournals, eBooks, eResources: eEeeeeek! The small “e” at the front of these words means that these resources can be accessed electronically, or on line.  Faculty, students and staff of Faculty of Dentistry can view University of Toronto electronic resources on campus or from home.  From home you will be prompted to sign in with your UTORid and password (the same user name and password you use for the U of T mail) to verify that you are affiliated with UofT and allowed to access these resources.  To help you find dentistry eBooks we have set up a web page here with links to dentistry eBooks in the U of T catalogue listed by subject.

Serials and Periodicals: Serials (not cereals – remember, no eating in the library!) and periodicals are words that are used interchangeably but there are subtle nuances between the two. Periodicals are a collection of articles (by one or more authors) that are published at regular intervals under a specific title (e.g. British Journal of Oral Surgery, Canadian Journal of Dental Hygiene, Dental Update).  Periodicals can be journals or magazines. The articles found within periodicals also known as journal articles, scientific articles or sometimes even scientific papers. A list of journals the Dentistry Library subscribes to can be found here.  Periodicals are stored in two locations within the Dentistry Library, the Current Periodicals (the most recent issues) are found in the Reading Room; whereas, the Bound Periodicals (issues from previous years) are located near the Service Desk. The Dentistry Library does not have very many serials so this term might not be so important for you to learn. For those of you who are interested though, series are a group of books with different titles but all related in that they are part of the same series (e.g. Harry Potter, the Color Atlas of Dental Medicine, The Lord of the Rings).  Serials are not necessarily published with regular intervals.
We hope this list has helped to demystify some often used library jargon! If you have any questions about other library words, or just questions in general, please visit us at the Service Desk!

Tuesday, 3 September 2013

New Books - September 2013


Oral health: nursing assessments and interventions / by Registered Nurses Association of Ontario 
RNAO, c2008.

Practical osseous surgery in periodontics and implant dentistry / edited by Serge Dibart, Jean-Pierre Dibart.
Wiley-Blackwell, 2011.

"Practical Osseous Surgery in Periodontics and Implant Dentistry' is a step-by-step manual that guides readers through osseous surgery procedures for treating periodontal issues as well as for ensuring proper anchorage of dental implants" Taken from Publisher Description

Oral biology: molecular techniques and applications / edited by G.J. Seymour, M.P. Cullinan, and N.C.K. Heng.
Humana Press, c2010.

"This changing definition of disease means that today’s undergraduate or graduate
student in dentistry (and its related fields) must be in a position not only to acquire new
knowledge in the future but also to be able to evaluate the information and apply it in a
clinically relevant setting. This naturally positions oral biology as an integral part of any
dentally related professional’s repertoire of knowledge.
There are as many topics in oral biology as there are the number of sites and microenvironments within the oral cavity. Therefore, it is impossible to cover all aspects in a single volume. Nevertheless, we believe we have compiled a selection of molecular methods and techniques, albeit optimized for particular applications, which can be adapted to a particular organism or area of interest." Taken from Preface, v.

McDonald's and Avery's dentistry for the child and adolescent / J.A. Dean, D.R. Avery, R.E. McDonald
Mosby/Elsevier, c2011.

"This expert resource provides comprehensive coverage of oral care for infants, children, teenagers, & medically compromised individuals. Thoroughly revised material offers the most up-to-date diagnostic & treatment recommendations based on current research, literature & clinical experience" Taken from Publisher Description


Anatomy for dental students, 4th edition / by M. E. Atkinson
Oxford, 2013

"Fully revised and updated by a brand new author, this fourth edition covers every aspect of the anatomy needed for modern dental practice and its major specialties. This text has been restructured to cover the four key areas dental students studying anatomy need to know: developmental anatomy, the central nervous system, the thorax, and the head and neck." Taken from back cover

Atlas of early childhood caries (ECC) : (dental decay in primary teeth) / by Leonard B. Smith,
L.B. Smith, c2011.

A clinical guide to oral medicine / M.A.O. Lewis, P.-J. Lamey.
British Dental Association, 2011. 3rd ed.

“This latest edition of the Clinical guide to oral medicine has been completely revised and updated in line with developments in our knowledge of emerging conditions, diseases and symptoms as well as new drugs and their regimens. Copiously illustrated and written in a reader-friendly style, the book guides a path through the everyday problems encountered in general practice as well as the less frequently seen and more serious lesions.” Taken from back cover.

Contemporary oral and maxillofacial surgery / by J.R. Hupp, E.Ellis, M.R. Tucker.
Elsevier, c2014. 6th ed.

“A comprehensive guide to oral surgery procedures, Contemporary Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, 6th Edition enhances your skills in evaluation, diagnosis, and patient management. Full-color photographs and drawings show how to perform basic surgical techniques, and an overview of more advanced surgical procedures includes guidelines on when to refer patients to specialists and how to provide supportive postoperative care. This edition also includes the latest developments in dental implants, instrumentation, and current technology. Written by well-known OMS educators James R. Hupp, Myron R. Tucker, and Edward Ellis III, this book is a valuable reference for any dental office.” Taken from publisher.

Esthetic and restorative dentistry : material selection and technique / by D. A. Terry, W.Geller.
Quintessence Pub. Co., c2013. 2nd ed.

“This edition of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry: Material Selection and Technique was compiled to explain and teach esthetic dental procedures through illustrations of everyday clinical situations. It is not designed to advocate one restorative material as the best or prescribe to clinicians which materials to use. Instead, its purpose is to illustrate how a selected material and/or instruments should be used with a specific and thorough protocol to achieve the highest level of excellence for that material and clinical situation.” Taken from introduction.

Essential dental public health, 2nd edition / by Blanaid Daly et al.
Oxford. 2013

"Public health is a key concern of modern dental practitioners as they play a vital role in the health of populations across the world. This new edition of Essential Dental Public Health identifies the links between public health and clinical practice with a strong emphasis on evidence-based medicine" Taken from back cover

Manual of Pediatric Dentistry / David M. Sullivan.
Lexi-Comp Inc., c2012.

“Lexicomps Manual of Pediatric Dentistry is designed for all dental professionals looking for efficient diagnosis and treatment of the most frequent conditions occurring within pediatric dentistry. In response to market need, this written for dentists by dentists guide includes 14 tabbed chapters, 6 additional sub topics, and 180 photographs and images-making it the ideal chair side photographic reference for the most common pediatric dental issues.” Taken from publisher.

Non-metallic biomaterials for tooth repair and replacement / by Pekka Vallittu
Woodhead Publishing, 2013

"As the demand for healthy, attractive teeth increases, the methods and materials employed in restorative dentistry have become progressively more advanced. [This book] focuses on the use of biomaterials for a range of applications in tooth repair and, in particular, dental restorations." Taken from back cover

Nutrition: concepts and controversies, 13th edition / by Sizer and Whitney
Wadsworth Cencage and Learning, 2014

"For well over a quarter of a century, Nutrition: concepts and controversies has been a cornerstone of nutrition classes across North American, serving the needs of students and professors in building a healthier future. In keeping with out tradition, in this, our 13th edition, we continue exploring the everchanging frontier of nutrition science, confronting its mysteries through its scientific roots." Taken from Preface, xv.

Treatment TMDs: Bridging the gap between advances in research clinical patient management / by C.S. Greene and D. M. Laskin
Quintessence Books, 2013

"The central theme in this book arises from a single question: What is happening in basic and clinical research today that likely will significantly impact the diagnosis and treatment of temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) in the near future? Clearly, the answer to this question must extend far beyond the traditional pain issues that have been the predominant focus of most recent research." Taken from preface ix

Veneer Visionen/Veneer Visions / by Oliver Reichert di Lorenzen
Quintessenz Verlag, 2010.


The Enzymology of fetuin: a potential link between periodontal diseases and calcifying atheromas / by Ryan Samuel Schure
Thesis (M.Sc.)—University of Toronto, 2013

Matrix metalloproteinase-7 degradation of fetuin blocks fetuin-mediated inhibition of mineralization / by Reyhaneh Rezaei.
Thesis (M.Sc.)—University of Toronto, 2013.   

Factors affecting the fracture strength and fatigue resistance of molar crowns produced using a zirconia-based system / by Mohammed Hani Zahran
Thesis (Ph.D.)—University of Toronto, 2013.

Association between oral health literacy and patient-centred and clinical outcomes / by Dania Abdulelah Sabbahi
Thesis (Ph.D.)—University of Toronto, 2013.

Role of choromosomal Type II Toxin-Antitoxin modules in survival of Streptococcus mutans / by Alexandra Mankovskaia
Thesis (M.Sc.)—University of Toronto, 2013.

Dentists’ views and practice of sedation and general anaesthesia in Ontario / by Sangeeta Patodia.
Thesis (M.Sc.)—University of Toronto, 2013.

The role of NSAIDs in impaired osseointegration in dental implant prosthodontics / by Brenton Paul Lauder Coverdale Winnett.
Thesis (M.Sc.)—University of Toronto, 2013.

Role of the V-ATPase a3 subunit in osteoclast maturation and function / by Noelle M. Ochotny.
Thesis (Ph.D)—University of Toronto, 2013.

A determination of the accuracy of cone beam computed tomography and digital orthopantomography for the determination of bone quality in the mandibular ramus / by Robin Gallardi.
Thesis (M.Sc)—University of Toronto, 2013.

Source and carrier effect on the bioactivity of BMP bio-implants / by Sulvie Di Lullo
Thesis (M.Sc.)—University of Toronto, 2013.

Biodegration of dental resin composite and adhesives by Streptococcus mutans: an in vitro study / by Maher Bourbia
Thesis (M.Sc.)—University of Toronto, 2013.


WCOI Year Book 2011: CD Version, 1st edition / edited by World Congress for Oral Implantology Published Committee.
Nippon Dental University, School of Dentistry, c2011.