Wednesday, 30 September 2020

New Books - October 2020

Alveolar Distraction Osteogenesis / edited by Nejat Erverdi and Melih Motro 
Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020  

 Alveolar Distraction Osteogenesis Book Cover

“The second edition of this comprehensive book describes a new alveolar distraction osteogenesis method that offers important advantages and can be used for the treatment of various orthopedic abnormalities and congenital malformations. Detailed guidance is provided on the selection of suitable candidates for alveolar distraction, including those with cleft lip and palate, with severe bone defects, skeletal class II malocclusions and cystic lesions involving the alveolus. All aspects of treatment using the ArchWise distraction appliance are then covered, including technical preparation, surgical set-up and osteotomies, docking site surgery, orthodontic finishing, implant placement and prosthetic restorations. Detailed information on the principles of distraction osteogenesis, bone histology and molecular interactions during the procedure is also provided. The book concludes with helpful case presentations covering different scenarios in which treatment with alveolar distraction osteogenesis is advisable. Given the nature of its content, the book will be of interest to all oral and maxillofacial surgeons, orthodontists and restorative dentists.”  From publisher’s website 


Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020 

 

Periodontal Pathogens Book Cover
This book addresses the major periodontal pathogens implicated as causal agents in periodontal disease, including Porphyromonas gingivalisTannerella forsythia, Treponema denticola, Fusobacterium nucleatumAggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, and Prevotella spp. Beginning with methods for bacterial genetic manipulation, the volume continues with sections on experimental methods to examine virulence factors, interactions with other pathogenic microorganism and host cells, as well as a chapter on an animal model of periodontitis. Written for the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and practical, Periodontal Pathogens: Methods and Protocols serves as an extensive and useful reference for researchers studying periodontal pathogens and will help elucidate the causes of periodontal disease and the systemic diseases related to it.” From publisher’s website 

 

Tuesday, 1 September 2020

New Books - September 2020

 Short Implants / edited by B. J. Tomasetti & R. Ewers

Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

"This comprehensive guide to short implants will take the reader through their research and development, explain the clinical indications, evaluate the outcomes achieved with various implants, and explore restorative and laboratory considerations.  Short implants have steadily gained greater market share in the last decade as practitioners sought alternatives to traditional length implants in order to avoid grafting procedures. Current manufacturers offer a variety of implant lengths and widths, allowing surgeons and restorative dentists the ability to select the best implant for each clinical circumstance. Cutting edge information is provided on the research and clinical results achieved utilizing a range of implants, specifically those developed by Nobel Biocare, Straumann, Jack Hahn, and Bicon.  Readers will also find an extensive description of the role of ultra-short implants involving reconstruction in both cleft patients and cancer patients who have lost portions of their mandible and/or maxilla. This book is a must-have for those interested in learning how the use of short and ultra-short implants offers both surgeons and restorative dentists an opportunity to stand out from those that use only the traditional length implants." From publisher's website


Imaging Techniques in Dental Radiology / edited by I. Rozylo-Kalinowska
Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

"This book is an up-to-date guide to the performance and interpretation of imaging studies in dental radiology. After opening discussion of the choice of X-ray equipment and materials, intraoral radiography, panoramic radiography, cephalometric radiology, and cone-beam computed tomography are discussed in turn. With the aid of many illustrated examples, patient preparation and positioning are thoroughly described for each modality. Common technical errors and artifacts are identified and the means of avoiding them, explained. The aim is to equip the reader with all the information required in order to perform imaging effectively and safely. The normal radiographic anatomy and landmarks are then discussed, prior to thorough coverage of frequent dentomaxillofacial lesions. Accompanying images display the characteristic features of each lesion. Further topics to be addressed are safety precautions for patients and staff. The book will be an ideal aid for all dental practitioners and will also be of value for dental students." From publisher's website


Complex Dental Implant Complications / edited by S.C. Bagheri, H.A. Khan, and M.R. Stevens
Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

"
This book offers up-to-date guidance in the diagnosis and management of the various complex complications that may be encountered during or after the placement of dental implants. The aim is to raise the awareness of clinicians regarding such complications and to equip them with the knowledge needed in order to deal with complications promptly and effectively. This in turn will assist in the avoidance of “complications of the initial complication”, which is of critical importance in preventing more serious clinical and psychological problems for patients as well as medicolegal issues for clinicians. The range of complications covered in the book is very wide, encompassing medical, intraoperative, aesthetic, and infectious complications as well as medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw, complications in the atrophic mandible, trigeminal nerve injuries, and more. Complex Dental Implant Complications is written by a team of leading experts and surgeons in the field. It will be a valuable aid for all clinicians who place dental implants." From publisher's website

Wednesday, 24 June 2020

New Books - July 2020

Emerging Therapies in Periodontics / edited by S. E. Sahingur
Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

emerging therapies in periodontics book cover"This book equips dental care providers with a thorough understanding of the emerging therapies that promise to revolutionize the clinical management of periodontal diseases. Existing therapies targeted to the oral microbiome alone often fail to provide favorable clinical outcomes. Local inflammation and tissue destruction may persist and periodontal tissue regeneration is not predictably achieved. In recognition of these shortcomings, current research efforts are focused on understanding the biological interactions between the host and the resident microbiome and identifying key molecules and molecular pathways that can be used for more targeted, individualized therapies that will restrain oral inflammation and restore periodontal tissue homeostasis. This book introduces novel concepts and molecules that are currently being tested in preclinical and clinical models. Readers will find detailed information from leading experts on specific therapeutic strategies targeting the host immune and inflammatory system, the oral microbiome, and regeneration. "From publisher's website


Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

functional aesthetic dentistry book cover"This book provides all the information needed by the dentist in order to understand functional occlusion and describes a coherent method that, through application of principles of form and function, allows the delivery of predictable, natural, and long-lasting aesthetic results. After clear explanation of the concepts of functional aesthetics, functional occlusion, and the envelope of function, the 12 stages of a complete examination are carefully set out, with accompanying rationale. Similarly, full guidance is provided on acquisition of appropriate diagnostic records, comprising perfect impressions, facebow transfer, centric relation bite record, and digital photographs. Further, a method for correct determination of the incisal edge position is presented, with explanation of the importance of this position to aesthetics, function, and phonetics. A step-by-step description of the treatment planning process is then provided, followed by guidance on preparation design and fabrication of restorations. Readers will find the book to be an invaluable aid to attainment of consistent aesthetic results based on stable occlusion." From publisher's website


Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

gerodontology essentials for health care professionals"This book provides basic knowledge and skills for non-dental healthcare practitioners, helping them recognize the importance of oral health, perform initial oral health assessments, consult dentists when necessary, and offer preventive advice and counseling. As people age, they tend to refrain from routine dental care, while the number of consultations with non-dental healthcare providers (physicians, nurses, pharmacists, physician assistants, physical therapists, occupational therapists etc.) increases. However, few healthcare providers are adequately trained to assess oral problems." From publisher's website


John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. 2020

bone augmentation by anatomical region book cover"Bone Augmentation by Anatomical Region is a unique, evidence-based guide focusing on each specific anatomical region – anterior maxilla, posterior maxilla, anterior mandible, and posterior mandible – in order to emphasize the correct implemented procedures needed to successfully perform oral osseous reconstruction. Numerous ridge augmentation techniques are covered, including: horizontal and vertical guided bone regeneration, autologous block transplantation, interpositional bone grafting, allogenic blocks, sandwich technique, split-expansion ridge technique, and sinus floor grafting. non-augmented approaches such as forced socket site extrusion and the installation of digitally printed implants are also presented and discussed." From publisher's website


John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. 2020

practical advanced periodontal surgery"Practical Advanced Periodontal Surgery, Second Edition is a step-by-step guide to cutting-edge surgical techniques and interdisciplinary treatment approaches in periodontology.  Written by leading experts in the field, the book provides solutions to complex daily dental challenges with innovative approaches to each treatment modality. Procedures are described in a practical and accessible style, highlighting complex and advanced procedures using a highly illustrated visual format. This expanded edition includes three new chapters that cover IV sedation, digital technologies in clinical restorative dentistry, and advanced implant therapies in the esthetic zone post extraction. Well balanced and solidly grounded in the science, this reference work is an indispensable resource for the practitioner of advanced dentistry." From publisher's website

Thursday, 28 May 2020

New Books - June 2020

New eBooks:

Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020



This book offers readers a valuable overview of recent advances in biomedical engineering, as applied to the modern dentistry.  It begins by studying the biomaterials in dentistry, and materials used intraoperatively during oral and maxillofacial surgery procedures. Next, it considers the subjects in which biomedical engineers can be influential, such as 3-dimensional (3D) imaging, laser and photobiomodulation, surface modification of dental implants, and bioreactors. Hard and soft tissue engineerings in dentistry are discussed, and some specific and essential methods such as 3D-printing are elaborated. Presenting particular clinical functions of regenerative dentistry and tissue engineering in treatment of oral and maxillofacial soft tissues is the subject of a separate chapter.  Challenges in the rehabilitation handling of large and localized oral and maxillofacial defects is a severe issue in dentistry, which are considered to understand how bioengineers help with treatment methods in this regard." From publisher’s website


Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020



This updated second edition of a successful book provides essential, internationally applicable information in the area of bone and joint pathology with emphasis on practical diagnostic aspects, including many illustrations: roentgenograms, CT-scans, MRI, scintigraphies, as well as pictures of gross surgical specimens and microphotographs, immunohistochemical reactions and genomics. Information on histopathological and molecular diagnosis, and basic therapeutic guidelines are provided. 

This book offers generous coverage of epidemiology, clinical features, radiology, pathology, differential diagnosis, prognosis and treatment, not only for common lesions, but also for those less frequently encountered, including lesions of joints. The content is arranged based on the World Health Organization’s Consensus Classification, with the addition of other lesions not included therein." From publisher’s website



Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020



This comprehensive, evidence-based textbook presents the latest knowledge on bad breath, describing insights from basic research and offering expert guidance on current approaches to diagnosis and treatment. The new edition has been thoroughly updated to take account of recent advances in understanding. The opening chapters examine in detail the origins of bad breath, including from the nose and pharynx. Microbial and biochemical aspects are fully explained, and information is also provided on odor perception. The clinically focused chapters cover all forms of laboratory measurement of breath odors, chairside diagnostic techniques, and the full range of available treatment options. The value of self-administered questionnaires in assessing bad breath is discussed, and attention is paid to the problem in specific population groups and to psychological aspects. Finally, future prospects are reviewed. The authors draw on more than forty years of combined experience in the field, both in the laboratory and as consultants to thousands of patients. The book will be of interest to all dentists as well as ENT specialists and family physicians.” From publisher’s website

Friday, 1 May 2020

New Books - May 2020

New eBooks:

Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020



“This book provides the first comprehensive overview of the emerging field of interdisciplinary salivary bioscience. It serves as a foundational reference guide to the collection, analysis, and interpretation of salivary data, as well as its myriad applications in medicine, surveillance and public health. The ease and non-invasive nature of saliva collection makes it highly useful in diverse fields such as pediatrics, dentistry, neuroscience, psychology, animal welfare and precision medicine. This book introduces students and scientists alike to the vast potential of salivary bioscience in both research and practice.” From publisher’s website


Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

“This book acquaints the clinician with the full range of parameters that need to be considered before undertaking an esthetic rehabilitation with veneers and describes current clinical concepts and techniques. The initial chapters provide the foundation for a comprehensive treatment plan. It is explained how digital smile design in conjunction with a wax-up and functional esthetic prototype allow a patient to visualize the possibilities. Occlusion prior to the initiation of treatment and following treatment is key to the longevity of restorations, and this aspect is given careful consideration. Detailed advice is also offered on proper selection of materials and their placement. The guidance provided will ensure that the reader is fully equipped to gather and assess all relevant information prior to commencement of the final treatment. The treatment itself can range from minimally invasive to more complex depending on the requirements of each individual case. Among the clinical concepts discussed in the book are the use of etched porcelain restorations, minimally invasive CAD/CAM veneers, and the ink glue technique.” From publisher’s website

Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

“This book presents a mechanistic approach—mathematical modeling—for carrying out dental materials research. This approach allows researchers to go beyond the null hypothesis and obtain a solution that is more general and therefore predictive for conditions other than those considered in a study. Hence it can be used either on its own or to complement the commonly used statistical approach. 

Through a series of practical problems with wide-ranging application, the reader will be guided on:
  • How to construct a mathematical model for the behavior of dental materials by making informed assumptions of the physical, chemical, or mechanical situation
  • How to simplify the model by making suitable simplifications
  • How to calibrate the model by calculating the values of key parameters using experimental results
  • How to refine the model when there are discrepancies between predictions and experiments”
From publisher’s website

Tuesday, 7 April 2020

New Books - April 2020

New eBooks:


Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

“This book provides surgeons with important insights into laser technologies as well as a sound understanding of their current and potential applications within oral and maxillofacial surgery and related disciplines. The opening chapters focus on the relevant physical background, the technology of the typically used lasers, laser–tissue interactions, and the treatment systems. Detailed information is then provided on the various established applications of laser treatments, including in relation to skin and mucosa and the dental hard tissues and bone. Special applications are also described, for example with respect to periodontal surgery, peri-implantitis therapy, photodynamic treatment, holography and additive manufacturing. The book closes by examining technologies that will soon be available for application in hospitals, topics which are currently the subject of research, and laser safety. Beyond surgeons, the book will be of value for engineers and scientists working in the field of medical engineering using lasers.” From publisher’s website


Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

“This comprehensive multidisciplinary book examines all aspects of cancers of the mouth and oropharynx with the aim of equipping advanced students and practitioners in the early stages of specialist training with an up-to-date guide and reference. A multinational team of authors – all experts in the field of oral oncology – provide illuminating contributions on the full range of relevant topics: epidemiology, risk factors, clinical features, staging and prognostic factors, pathology, diagnostic techniques, disease prevention, surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy. Molecular biology, molecular targeted therapies for advanced cases, and future diagnostic and prognostic applications of new technologies also receive careful attention. In providing a wealth of essential information and guidance in a practical format, the book will be a superb asset for senior graduate students in dentistry and specialist trainees in head and neck oncology. It will also be of high value for the many physicians, surgeons, pathologists, dentists, and specialists involved in the prevention, diagnosis, and management of squamous cell carcinomas of the oral cavity and oropharynx.” From publisher’s website


Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

“In this book, leading experts from around the world present the latest knowledge on the risk factors for peri-implant diseases and also examine the prevalence, etiology, and treatment strategy. Reports have suggested that a variety of risk factors, including poor oral hygiene, a history of periodontitis, diabetes, smoking, lack of keratinized mucosa, and implant surface topography, are associated with these diseases. Periodontally compromised patients who do not adhere completely to the supportive periodontal therapy have been found to present a higher implant failure rate, and several studies have shown that periodontal pathogens can translocate from periodontally involved teeth to the peri-implant sulci in partially dentate patients, highlighting the importance of periodontal treatment of the residual dentition prior to placement of dental implants. Recently a new concept was proposed as intraindividual variation exists in core microbiota in peri-implantitis and periodontitis. In elucidating the strength of association of peri-implant diseases with all of the risk factors identified to date, the book will be of interest to practitioners and other professionals in the field.” From publisher’s website


Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

“This book focuses on applications of micro CT, CBCT and CT in medicine and engineering, comprehensively explaining the basic principles of these techniques in detail, and describing their increasing use in the imaging field.

It particularly highlights the scanning procedure, which represents the most crucial step in micro CT, and discusses in detail the reconstruction process and the artifacts related to the scanning processes, as well as the imaging software used in analysis,.

Written by international experts, the book illustrates the application of micro CT in different areas, such as dentistry, medicine, tissue engineering, aerospace engineering, geology, material engineering, civil engineering and additive manufacturing.

Covering different areas of application, the book is of interest not only to specialists in the respective fields, but also to broader audience of professionals working in the fields of imaging and analysis, as well as to students of the different disciplines.” From publisher’s website


Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

“This book presents the state of the art in color science and explains its application to dental structures and materials, using high-quality illustrations to ensure ease of learning. Most people seek a bright smile with a natural appearance. This goal often poses a great clinical challenge for the dentist, and its achievement is dependent on a good knowledge of color science and optical properties relevant to dentistry. Further, if a smile is to be esthetically improved to the patient’s satisfaction, the dentist must be able to extract the best from dental materials and techniques, must understand all aspects of facial harmony, and must communicate effectively with both the patient and lab technicians. All of these aspects are thoroughly explored in the book, with detailed coverage of such topics as visual and instrumental shade matching, color management, and avoidance of complications and pitfalls. Color and Appearance in Dentistry will be of high value to all who are engaged in the daily practice of esthetic dentistry.” From publisher’s website



Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

“This book provides clinicians with state of the art information on the use of zygomatic implants to restore function and improve quality of life. International experts come together to showcase important innovations and advances in techniques that will assist in the optimization of outcomes. Readers will find information on indications, biomechanics, the role of imaging, digital treatment planning, and all aspects of implant placement. Individual chapters are devoted to different procedures, including the extramaxillary surgical technique, extended sinus lift with retained bone window, the anatomy-guided approach, the quad zygoma technique, and static and dynamic guided surgery.  The use of zygomatic implants specifically in oncology patients is also given detailed consideration. Today, the zygomatic approach offers many advantages for patients with severe maxillary resorption, in whom grafting was in the past unavoidable. In providing an up-to-date global perspective on the zygoma concept, this book will be an invaluable source of guidance for practitioners at all levels of experience.” From publisher’s website



Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

“This book is a wide-ranging guide to risk assessment and risk-based prevention in oral health and dentistry. Readers will find clear explanation of the principles, models, and tools of risk assessment, as well as practical information on risk assessment in relation to periodontal disease, caries, tooth wear, and oral cancer. The lessons that the oral healthcare profession can learn from experiences regarding risk assessment in primary medical care practice, particularly in cardiovascular and diabetes medicine, are highlighted. The closing section focuses specifically on implementation of risk assessment within the dental practice, including training of the oral healthcare team and the need to take into account medicolegal considerations. The book is a very timely addition to the literature, given the move towards wellness- rather than repair-based models of healthcare in Europe and North America and the focus of dental contracts on risk-driven care pathways. It will be of high value for not only practitioners but also professionals in healthcare funding bodies.” From publisher’s website

Tuesday, 3 March 2020

New Books - March 2020

New eBooks:

Moderate Sedation and Emergency Medicine for Periodontists / by J. A. Giovannitti Jr. 
Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

“This book is intended for periodontal residents and practicing periodontists who wish to incorporate the principles of moderate sedation into daily practice. A history of the development of sedation in dental practice sets the stage for understanding the need for a comprehensive preanesthetic evaluation to identify potentially reactive patients prior to treatment. Useful drugs for moderate sedation and reversal agents in the office setting are reviewed to ensure proper perioperative usage. Comprehensive airway management and rescue skills are then documented in detail so that the patient may be properly managed in the event that the sedation progresses beyond the intended level. A key aim is to equip the reader with sufficient knowledge and preparedness to overcome the patient management challenges associated with common and uncommon deviations from intraoperative norms. Finally, for those academicians interested in teaching the principles of sedation to periodontal residents, a curriculum development tool is provided to ensure comprehensive training leading to competency.” From publisher’s website


Nitrous Oxide in Pediatric Dentistry: A Clinical Handbook / edited by K. Gupta, D. Emmanouil, A. Sethi
Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

“This clinical handbook is a complete guide to the use of nitrous oxide when performing dental procedures in children. Nitrous oxide offers the easiest and safest form of pharmacological behavior management in this age group and can help greatly in reducing fear and anxiety toward dentists and dental treatment.  Importantly, its use in children differs from that in adults, owing in part to the need for appropriate behavior management skills. In considering a range of clinical scenarios in which nitrous oxide is of value, this book will support clinicians in their daily practice. All aspects are covered, including rationale, basic science, mechanism of action, equipment, scavenging systems, technique, monitoring, safety, toxicity, documentation, and team building. Guidance is also provided on the use of nitrous oxide in special pediatric populations requiring oral health care. The book is supplemented by videos that will help readers to comprehend the text easily and to perform the technique efficiently and effectively.” From publisher’s website


Partial Extraction Therapy in Implant Dentistry / edited by U. Kher, A. Tunkiwala
Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020


“This book covers all clinical aspects of partial extraction therapy (PET), a revolutionary technique that offers long-term stability of soft and hard tissue around implants. Readers will find step-by-step protocols, valuable insights, and helpful tips, backed by the best available scientific evidence. After explanation of the biological rationale for PET, the socket shield technique, which entails partial extraction of the tooth root prior to implant placement, is clearly described and illustrated. Guidance is then provided on case selection, contraindications, and fabrication and design of the provisional restoration. Variations in the PET procedure are explained, and techniques presented for the management of multirooted teeth, pontic sites, and full mouth rehabilitation. Advice is also offered on how to deal with complications and treatment failures. Finally, the current evidence for PET and the scope for extending its use are reviewed. PET has gained immense popularity in recent years, and this book will be of value for clinicians, students, and academicians.” From publisher’s website


Biomarkers in Periodontal Health and Disease: Rationale, Benefits, and Future Directions / by N. Buduneli
Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020


“This book examines all aspects of the progress being made towards the development of highly specific and sensitive biomarkers that will overcome the shortcomings of clinical assessments in periodontics. The opening chapters present the basic anatomic features of periodontal tissues, outline the nature and pathogenic mechanisms of periodontal diseases, and discuss both conventional and novel methods of diagnosis with reference to their specificity and sensitivity. The potential role of biomarkers in periodontal diagnosis is then presented in the light of the published data. The biological samples in which potential biomarkers are sought are evaluated comparatively, drawing attention to their strengths and weaknesses, and the available technologies for biomarker studies are reviewed. The potential benefits of biomarkers are also discussed with regard to the possible bidirectional interactions between periodontal diseases and systemic health. Finally, the past, present, and future of periodontics are examined from a broader perspective. Readers will find the book to be an ideal summary of the state of the art in the field as biomarkers emerge that promise to facilitate periodontal diagnostics and permit timely, personally tailored interventions.” From publisher’s website


Oral Diagnosis: Minimally Invasive Imaging Approaches / edited by P. Wilder-Smith, J. Ajdaharian
Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020


“The overall goal of this book is to provide the reader with an understanding of the new minimally invasive techniques that are available for the purpose of diagnostic imaging in dentistry and to explain their impact on clinical practice. The book concentrates very much on those techniques that are clinically applicable and useful to dentists NOW, although it also provides a fascinating view to the future. The chapters are divided according to the major clinical topics in dentistry. Each chapter provides considerable visual content, including flow charts, schematics, and photographs. The principles of the technologies presented are discussed in an overview format, with greater detail and focus on the ensuing clinical application techniques and the data that they can generate. The strengths and limitations of the novel modalities are highlighted.  Finally, the interface between the data and their capacity for improving clinical outcomes through better diagnosis is discussed. All of the authors have been selected on the basis of their pre-eminence in the field.” From publisher’s website


New Theses:

The Impact of Oral Health Training Taken by Personal Support Workers Caring for a Geriatric Population in a Long-term Care Facility: A Mixed Methods Study / by Debra Pawluk 
M.Sc. University of Toronto, 2019

Trends in Repeat General Anesthesia for Treatment of Dental Caries at a Children's Hospital: A 10-year Retrospective Review / by Laura Vertullo
M.Sc. University of Toronto, 2019

Comparison of Pre- and Post-permanent Canine Emergence Secondary Alveolar Bone Grafting on Dental Survival and Maxillary Growth in Patients with Non-syndromic Complete Unilateral Cleft Lip and Palate / by Yona Rachel Vandersluis
M.Sc. University of Toronto, 2019

M.Sc. University of Toronto, 2019

M.Sc. University of Toronto, 2019

M.Sc. University of Toronto, 2019

M.Sc. University of Toronto, 2019

M.Sc. University of Toronto, 2019

M.Sc. University of Toronto, 2019

M.Sc. University of Toronto, 2019

M.Sc. University of Toronto, 2019

M.Sc. University of Toronto, 2019

M.Sc. University of Toronto, 2019

M.Sc. University of Toronto, 2019

M.Sc. University of Toronto, 2019

M.Sc. University of Toronto, 2019

M.Sc. University of Toronto, 2019

M.Sc. University of Toronto, 2019

M.Sc. University of Toronto, 2019

M.Sc. University of Toronto, 2019

M.Sc. University of Toronto, 2019

M.Sc. University of Toronto, 2019